Some changes in lifestyle can help slow the progression of chronic kidney disease. These changes can also prevent complications of the disease. Depending on the stage of your illness and other medical conditions you have, your doctor may ask you to:
Ways to Control Chronic Kidney Disease
Maintain Normal Blood Pressure
Hypertension (high blood pressure) is a common cause of chronic kidney disease. Consult your doctor to find out if you have high blood pressure. If you have it, take the blood pressure medicine prescribed by your doctor.
Lose Excess Weight
Being overweight or obese can lead to high blood pressure and diabetes. If you are overweight, talk to your doctor or a dietitian about how to lose weight.
Check Blood Glucose Levels If You Have Diabetes
High blood glucose (blood sugar) levels worsen chronic kidney disease. Simple tests can tell you if you have diabetes. If you have it, take the diabetes medications prescribed by your doctor.
Smoking makes your chronic kidney disease worse. Ask your doctor for help to quit smoking.
Change Your Diet
Table salt and dietary proteins make chronic kidney disease progress faster. Phosphorus, a mineral found in some foods, accumulates in the blood when the kidneys are not functioning properly. Phosphorus can cause your bones to lose calcium and weaken. Chronic kidney disease can also increase the amount of lipids (fats and cholesterol) in your blood. Elevated lipids can lead to heart attacks and strokes.
Your doctor may recommend reducing salt, protein, foods high in phosphorus (dairy products, peas, cola, nuts), and foods high in fat. A dietitian can help you choose healthy foods for your condition. If you lose your appetite because of chronic kidney disease, a dietitian can help you choose more tasty foods.
Protect Your Heart
A common complication of chronic kidney failure is coronary heart disease, which can lead to heart attacks. The changes in lifestyle already mentioned will help reduce your risk of a heart attack. Exercising regularly will also help protect your heart.