Urinary Incontinence Definition
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by bacteria that invade the urinary system and multiply. The infection can occur anywhere in the urinary tract, although it usually occurs in the urethra (a tube that expels urine from the body).
Urinary Incontinence Causes
In most cases, the bacteria that cause this infection (usually, in the digestive system and the rectal area) begin to grow in the urethra. They adhere to the opening of the urethra and begin to multiply. An infection present only in the urethra is called urethritis. From there, the bacteria move to the bladder, causing an infection (cystitis). If the infection is not treated immediately, the bacteria can go up to the ureters (two tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder) and infect the kidneys (pyelonephritis).
Most infections are caused by a type of bacteria called E. coli. E. coli usually lives in the colon. In women, because the rectum and urethra are fairly close together, the bacteria can move to the urethra. That is why women are more prone to UTIs than men.
STIs can also be transmitted sexually. This type of infection does not tend to spread beyond the urethra. Both people should receive treatment.
Urinary Incontinence Risk factors
These factors increase the likelihood of developing a SUT. Tell your doctor if you have any of the following risk factors:
- Sex: female
- Is sexually active
- Uses a diaphragm as a contraceptive method
- Kidney stones
- Benign prostatic hypertrophy
- Deficient immune system
- Abnormalities of the urinary system, including reflux and polycystic kidneys
- Drepanocytic anemia
- History of kidney transplantation
- Bladder catheter in place or a device recently inserted in the urinary system
Urinary Incontinence Symptoms
If you have any of these symptoms, do not consider that it is due to an IVU. These symptoms may be caused by other conditions. Inform the doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:
- Need to urinate frequently and urgently
- Secretion of small amounts of urine
- Pain in the pelvic or abdominal region
- Burning sensation when urinating
- Urine dark and smelly
- Urgency to urinate at night
- Blood in the urine
- Drip when urinating
- Pain in the lower back or next to the ribs
- Fever and chills
- Nausea and little appetite
Urine with blood, pain in The lower back, high fever and chills are all signs of a kidney infection. Call the doctor immediately if you develop these symptoms.
Urinary Incontinence Diagnosis
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam. In addition, he will take a urine sample to detect blood, pus and bacteria.
Children and men who have UTI may need more tests. There may be structural abnormalities of the urinary system that make them more prone to infection.
Urinary Incontinence Treatment
STIs are treated with antibiotics. Standard medical care for an IVU includes taking antibiotics for three days. Surely, it will begin to feel better after a day or two. However, it is important that you do the full treatment.
You will probably be asked to have a urine test done after taking antibiotics. This is done to make sure that the infection has completely disappeared.
If you still suffer from periodic infections, you should see a specialist.
Pyridium is a medication that decreases the pain and spasm of the bladder. When you take it, it is possible that the urine and sometimes the sweat will turn orange.
In some cases, severe UTIs are treated with intravenous or intramuscular antibiotics. However, the researchers found that oral antibiotics seem to be as effective in treating UTIs as other treatments. *
If you are diagnosed with a UTI, follow the doctor's instructions.
Urinary Incontinence Prevention
Next, we mention some steps you can take to keep the urinary tract without bacteria:
- Drink plenty of fluids.
- Cranberry juice can help prevent and relieve ICUs.
- Urinate when you feel the need and do not resist doing it.
- Empty your bladder completely and drink a full glass of water after having sex.
- Asee your genitals daily.
- If a woman, clean well from the front area backwards after defecating or urinating.
- Avoid vaginal washes and the use of sprinklers for feminine hygiene.
See Also: Urinary Incontinence – Causes, Risk factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention