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Industrial Pollution And Third World

As developing nations struggle with population growth, poverty, famines, and wars, their residents are discovering the environmental effects of these problems, in the form of increasing air, water, and land …

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Universal Basic Income

As income inequality increases in the United States, economists and politicians have proposed wide-ranging ideas for distributing wealth more fairly and ensuring that all Americans—rather than only the richest few—benefit from the nation’s resources, productivity, and technological advances. One proposal that has garnered support from diverse interest groups across the …

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Do Undocumented Workers Take Jobs from Citizens?

Introduction Advanced industrialized countries have long relied on immigrants to address deficiencies in the labor market. Immigrants are employed in skilled and unskilled work in a range of industries, helping to offset economic problems such as aging workforces, mismatched skills, and increasing competition from low-cost producers in the developing world. …

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Terrorism and Criminalization and Immigration as a Response to Terrorism

Introduction Terrorism is the use of violence, generally by non-state individuals or organizations, especially against political targets, to achieve political goals. Many high-profile terrorist incidents, such as the attacks of September 11, 2001, on the United States or the Paris attacks of 2015, involve international or foreign policy issues. In …

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Human, Social, and Cultural Capital and Immigration Issues

Introduction Human capital, cultural capital, and social capital are three related terms used in sociology, economics, and other fields. In economics the word capital is often used to refer to money, goods, or other tangible (material) financial assets. In contrast, human capital, cultural capital, and social capital often refer to …

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Brain Circulation, Brain Drain, Brain Gain, and Brain Waste

Introduction Labor migration, or the movement of workers from one area to another, often involves the transfer or exchange of skilled individuals between nations. Migration researchers use a number of terms to describe the effects of these movements. One of the most common is brain drain, sometimes called human capital …

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